ai, models & sim

     table of content
  1. How to use this page
  2. Class site
  3. Artificial Intelligence
  4. Key terms
  5. Areas of Artificial Intelligence
  6. Data and Information
  7. Data Forms
  8. Modelling and simulations
  9. Using model and simulation programs
  10. Requirements of AI, models & simulations
  11. Advantages and limitations
  12. Spreadsheet design
  13. Coding
  14. Careers
  15. copyright and acknowledgements
  16. Home

Introduction

How to use this page

This page has all the subject content that you will need to complete the required study for IST. You will find a range of activities called “portfolio”, “essential tasks” and ” weekly homework”. You are required to complete all of these tasks as they all make up a component of your assessment schedule. You are also expected to present your completed work on a Googlesite sharing this site with your teacher.

There are due dates displayed with each task. The Portfolio tasks will achieve a mark full marks for a well completed task, half marks for a incomplete but mostly completed and a zero mark will be given for a non attempt.The Assessments details may be found here.

Your work will be completed within the Cloudshare environment, however, an important security issue exists and you are required to ONLY use your school credentials for all online use within Cloudshare or external for example Voki.

The series of YouTubes are important to view as these will present to you visual detail that you may not see in the text. The scheduled IST end of Semester Examinations will be created from the content found on this site.

essential task 1
a) Create your own website using Cloudshare sites by visiting here. Use your first name and initial of your family name so that others in the course will have a standard format to find your website. Never place any personal details on your website.

b) Share as an owner your website with your IST class teacher first.name@syd.catholic.edu.au . This is a CEO policy for student websites.

c) Add to your website a avatar, embed a youtube video, with a A.I. theme. Add a sentence as to why you selected this video.

View this tube to view a tutorial on how to use googlesites.

View more Radford University tutorial tubes on how to use googlesites.

essential task 2

a) Create a pages titled “Artificial Intelligence” then read this section of sushi “Artificial Intelligence” and summarise using all the headings provided. The addition of an appropriate image would be good.

b) Create a page titled “Artificial Intelligence Key terms” and using the terms shown in this section of sushi and provide a meaning to each of these terms. Use this computer terms site here to find the meanings or the 2017 Class site. The addition of an appropriate image is required, though some concepts may not suit an image.

c) A page or series of pages will be required to place all of your work. Create a sidebar using the heading AI and add the following pages to that sidebar. You are expected to clearly label each task so that the task can be located. These pages will be labelled AI Key Terms, AI Summary, AI Homework, AI portfolios and the last AI Assessment.

Key Terms

Artificial Intelligence

 

People are said to be “intelligent” as they have the ability to use information presented to them to think. People are able then to solve problems and to decisions from the information. An intelligent being is able to reason, predict, communicate, interact with others, empathise and make deductions.

Artificial Intelligence is the attempt to make these human traits possible in the behaviour of such things as robots. The idea that robots then are able to display the human traits outlined above and not act as machines.

Artificial Intelligence is found in many areas of daily life. In this topic the following areas of AI will be examined, computer games and robotics, expert systems and natural language processing.

View this tube to see ROBBIE THE ROBOT & Dr. EDWARD MORBIOUS 1956. In particular study the AI presented by Robbie from this era.

View this tube “Wall-e” 2001 In particular study the human traits presented by Wall-e.

View this tube to see a robot form predicted by i-Robot.

Writing Skill 1
Writing in a full sentence
Five Parts of a Complete Sentence

  1. Capital letter- A capital letter is always used at the start of a sentence, and also for Proper nouns.
  2. Subject-The subject is who or what the sentence is about.
  3. Predicate-The predicate is the verb or action that is being done.
  4. Complete thought-This is important as this makes the sentence logical. A noun, predicate and capitals can be used, but there needs to be a conclusion or logic.
  5. Terminal Punctuation- The terminal punctuation may be a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark, and one of these need to be used.

 

Weekly homework task 1 (Due end of Week 2)
Read the above Writing Skill 1 and then respond to this homework task.
Q 1. Write a definition for “Artificial Intelligence.
Q 2. The Forbidden Planet robot was a representation of 1950’s technology. What do you think has allowed the 2001 and 2004 movies to represent different robots?
Watch the three YouTube above and write a brief description of each term presented and post these two responses in your site on the homework page.

Class Activity 1

View this tube to see “How Robots Will Change the World”.

portfolio task 1
Research
visit classtools.net here and to create an arcade game quiz using the key terms that you have written about. A minimum of twelve questions are needed. Then save and embed this arcade game in to your website as portfolio task 1. Download portfolio guide here

Areas of Artificial Intelligence

View this tube to see current views and directions.

The areas of AI that will be examined in this course includes Intelligent systems, Daemons, Expert systems, Agents, Neural networks and Knowledge bases. These all operate differently, however, are grouped as being a form of AI.

Briefly, explained these forms of AI use data that is provided to it to make a decision or recommendation. These forms of AI may be used together to provide a recommendation or solution. An Expert system may use a Knowledge base to provide an answer to a problem. The AI may be requested by the user directly or indirectly. A Daemon is able to operate when certain data patterns are found such as a virus.

The following tubes explain very clearly four of the areas to be studied.

View this tube to see an example of Intelligent systems.

View this tube to see an example of Agents.

View this tube to see an example of Expert systems.

View this tube to see an example of Neural Networks.

Extension task 1
chat with eliza, is she real or ai, find out here. Now try the following three chats and decide which one is the best Eviebot, ChimbotCleverbot

Data and Information

There is a difference between the terms data and of information, these two terms are often mixed up, however, as a student of IST, you need to know the difference. Data is raw material that has no meaning, whereas information is this same raw data manipulated by the computer using software that will provide a meaning.

An example of this may be the use of recording a persons story using an input device, the keyboard. The keyboard uses the keys to send a character to the computer, that then will use software to organise the raw data and process it in a digital form. This then may be displayed in a form that we can read. Similarly, data collected from a large number of respondants to a survey may be input and organised by software, such as Excel and a graphic representation such as a pie chart may be displayed.

Data forms

Data in real life exists in a huge range of colours and sounds and we see them with in a range of frequencies. There are colours that we can not see or distinguish from another slightly differing colour. Sound that humans are able to hear lay between a set range and those sounds above or below that range are inaudible to humans. This form of data that is found in the natural environment is called analogue. For use in computer systems this analogue data is converted to digital, a process where the multitude of values that exist in the analogue form is given a digital value of either a 1 or a 0. This is called digitisation or data sampling.

View this tube to see an explanation the difference between analogue and digital.

An example of this process would be voice spoken into a microphone, where the analogue data is converted to digtal form by a analogue to digital converter. This data now may be manipulated, stored or compressed by the computer. The process is reversed when you wish to listen to the voice.

weekly homework task 2 (Due end of Week 3)
View the video above and draw using a CAD program such as paint, the process displaying the conversion of analogue to digital and then back to analogue form. Please see a possible representation of the conversion that you may wish to use as a model and post this diagram in your site on homework page.

A possible representation of the conversion.

Modelling and simulations

Modelling and simulations are important considerations when discussing or forming artificial intelligence systems. Models are used to examine, explore and to make predictions. The model stores the description of a real environment, and the computer using software is able to modify criteria to see if some thing will work. An obvious example would be the creation of a new flying machine, placing this in a computer modelling software and viewing if it can actauully fly. This is much cheaper and obviously less dangerous as a pilot does not need to risk flying the new aircraft.

Simulations use the models to view the results of the way the models will behave under real conditions. These conditions may be manipulated to discover ‘what if predictions” when these new conditions are in place.

View this tube to see a flight simulator in action.

View this tube to see chat bots discussed

Download the portfolio 2 guide with the tasks here.Use a word document for Part 1 a and b and for Part 2 create a prezi using a 3D themeand display information about the three types of robotic AI.

portfolio task 2
Display information about AI
Visit Prezi here. Read the information on this site and research from the Internet such as You Tube and using this information create a prezi, sign up for the student/teacher licence, following the portfolio guide and display the main idea. this may include pictures, words or sentences. embed this on your website. View these Prezi tutorials by visiting here

 

Using model and simulation programs

21st century robots here
Jaconline Exercise:Twenty Questions here

 

weekly homework task 3 (Due end of Week 4)
Copy the questions and answers here into your google page.
Complete the task and write a five line post stating what you thought of the site, place on the AI Homework page in your website.

Requirements of AI, models & simulations

View this tube to see a weather forecasting system explained.

View the Bureau of Meteorology radar map here

Extension task 2
Create a Voki that provides your opinion about what you think about where the world is going with AI here You have 60 seconds to record, so plan your opinion. Learn how to create a Voki here here Embed this Voki into your Google site on the Portfolio Page.

Advantages and limitations of models and simulation programs

The advantages of models and simulation programs include safety as all testing occurs in a computer system, the expense involved in the manufacturing and development of the real item is vastly reduced in a computer model and the model may be modified easily which also provides the time saving that is an advantage.

Also predicting the behavior of the model in a simulation provides the developers with an ability to predict any issues that may arise in the real product.

The limitations of models and simulation programs would revolve around the way a real product will actually behave in a real situation. It is quite difficult to present in a model every environment situation. The model also must use accurate data, and if this data is not accurate, errors in the way the model behaves will occur.

weekly homework task 4 (Due end of Week 5)
Q 1. Write the advantages of models and simulation programs.
Q 2. List the limitations of models and simulation programs.
Q 3. Did you see anything interesting when you viewed the Bureau of Meteorology radar map? If so, What did you find interesting? Would you visit this site if you were planning an outdoor event?
Complete and post these three responses in your site on homework page.

 

Spreadsheet design

portfolio task 3
Practical
Learning Google Sheets design class exercise. Visit each of the links below and carry out what is required. Retain each task and upload to your google site as a file The following learning path will provide you with the ability to create spreadsheets using Google sheets. Please follow each link.

 

  1. Create a Spreadsheet and Fill It With Data
  2. Format Data for Easy Viewing
  3. Add, Average, and Filter Data with Formulas
  4. Share, Protect, and Move Your Data

Now that you know the basics, the following more advanced uses of Sheets will be useful in completing Extension task 3 below. So now please work through the next learning path.

  1. Filtering the data.
  2. Sorting data in the worksheet.

The following tube is long but an excellent reference for essential tasks that you need to know to use Excel.

 

 

Spreadsheet Practice Tasks 2013

Open a Google Sheets and input the data with formula to solve the situation.

a)

2013                    Week 1     Week 2     Week 3      Week 4
Income              $125.00    $125.00     $125.00    $125.00
Expenditure       $75.00     $80.00     $105.00      $95.00

1) How much did you spend from week 1 to week 4?
2) How much did you have left at the end of week 4 from your income?
3) What was the averaged weekly expenditure?

b)

2014                 J         F         M        A        M         J          J          A         S        O         N       D
Income        $230   $230   $240   $240   $240  $245  $245  $245  $245  $245 $245  $245
Spent              $75   $65       $34      $75   $175    $134   $125     $79  $123 $210 $210 $510

1) How much did you spend during the year?
2) How much did you spend during the months of June, July and August?
3) What would be the average during the months of June, July and August?

portfolio task 4
Practical
students use Google Sheets. This task requires you to solve the two problems a and b above using spreadsheet software. The work sheet needs to be presented.

 

Extension task 3
Use the internet to collect details of 10 different cars.There should be 4 different makers.Collect the following details of each car:
Make; Year of Manufacture; colour; registration number; model type; body type; price; contact number; kilometers; transmission1.place the data into a spreadsheet.2.Sort the cars in order of the year they were made, oldest to youngest.3.Filter the data to find all cars that are of one colour.

 

Project development

 

The planning, production and overall development of a project has six steps.

  • understanding the problem
  • making decisions
  • designing solutions
  • implementing the solution by testing the product
  • implementing the solution by maintaining the product
  • implementing the solution by evaluating the product

If you do not know what is required to be completed to solve a problem, then the resultant solution is very unlikely to be correct. It is therefore, important that the task be understood. this may be done by asking questions of the potential participants of a solution.

Once that you decide upon the problem, then you need to decide on a solution. Probably thinking about one design only is not the best, create a few designs so that you can decide upon the best.

Once that you have decided upon a solution you may then commence to create a solution or product that will solve the problem. Make what is known as a prototype first. a prototype is a model or limited functioning product, to see if the solution is appropriate. a storyboard is also a sound design tool to develop a product, especially a video or audio product.

Once you have decided upon the solution, then make it. evaluation of the product is a continual process and should be completed through out the design and implementation process. maintenance will also be required to be carried out as the product is used.

Coding

portfolio task 5
Coding with Scratch
This coding task requires the student to create a series of coded objects. View the tutorials here Go to the Scratch site here.
This Portfolio task requires you to complete the Ten Step by Step move and talk programming tasks here.

You must complete these portfolio tasks. One of which is portfolio 5 as the coding task. The portfolio needs to be added into your web site on the due times.

 portfolio 1  Due week 2  Research task
 portfolio 2  Due week 5  Prezi task
 portfolio 3  Due week 6  Practical task
 portfolio 4  Due week 8  Practical task
 portfolio 5  Due week 10 Coding task
 Examination  Year 7-10 Examine Week  Semester Topics

 

View a guide to Storyboarding here

Careers in information and software technology

There are a range of universities, colleges and TAFE that provide excellent courses in ICT. You may wish to explore these two UTS. or QANTM.

DIGITAL COPYRIGHT Requirements

 

Made available under Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution Licence:

The personal or classroom educational use, provided there is a link to TeacherTube here. TeacherTube terms and conditions state that videos may be downloaded for

The YouTube terms and conditions state that videos may be embedded in the media, provided there is a link to YouTube and that the appropriate non commercial use is made here

Reference to the text and included cd-rom, IST, information, software and technology 7-10 , author Peter Ware et al. isbn 0-7314-0168-9 is made as students are expected to purchase both items.

Reference to the NSW Board of Studies Syllabus documentations are made, with documentations available from here