Design, Produce and Evaluate


     table of content         animated-computer-image-0197
  1. How to use this page
  2. Introduction
  3. Key Terms
  4. Projects and the development process
  5. Defining & Analysing the problem
  6. Portfolio task 1
  7. Designing possible solutions
  8. Portfolio task 2
  9. Legal Issues
  10. Ethical Issues
  11. Social Issues
  12. Industrial Issues
  13. Portfolio task 3
  14. Evaluation Criteria
  15. Methods of Evaluation Criteria
  16. Portfolio task 4
  17. Project management
  18. Communication techniques and Collaboration
  19. Assessment Task
  20. Registration and programs
  21. copyright and acknowledgements
  22. Class site
  23. Home

How to use this page

This page has all the subject content that you will need to complete the required study for IST. You will find a range of activities called “portfolio”, “essential tasks” and ” weekly homework”. You are required to complete all of these tasks as they all make up a component of your assessment schedule. You are also expected to present your completed work on a Googlesite sharing this site with your teacher.

There are due dates displayed with each task. The Portfolio tasks will achieve a mark full marks for a well completed task, half marks for a incomplete but mostly completed and a zero mark will be given for a non attempt.The Assessments details may be found here.

Your work will be completed within the Cloudshare environment, however, an important security issue exists and you are required to ONLY use your school credentials for all online use within Cloudshare or external for example Voki.

The series of YouTubes are important to view as these will present to you visual detail that you may not see in the text. The scheduled IST end of Semester Examinations will be created from the content found on this site.

essential task 1
a) Create your own website, or add to your Cloudshare sites by visiting here. Use your first name and initial of your family name so that others in the course will have a standard format to find your website. Never place any personal details on your website.

b) Share as an owner your website with your IST class teacher using their . This is a CEO policy for student websites.

c) Add to your website a avatar, embed a youtube video, with a Networking theme. Add a sentence as to why you selected this video.

View this tube to view a tutorial on how to use googlesites.

View more Radford University tutorial tubes on how to use googlesites.

essential task 2

a) Create a pages titled “DPE” then read this section of sushi “DPE” and summarise using all the nine headings provided. The addition of an appropriate image would be good.

b) Create a page titled “DPE Key terms” and using the terms shown in this section of sushi and provide a meaning to each of these terms. Use this computer terms site here to find the meanings. You may choose to Google the term. The addition of an appropriate image would be good.

Key Terms


Outcomes A student: 5.2.1 describes and applies problem-solving processes when creating solutions 5.2.2 designs, produces and evaluates appropriate solutions to a range of challenging problems 5.2.3 critically analyses decision-making processes in a range of information and software solutions 5.3.1 justifies responsible practices and ethical use of information and software technology 5.3.2 acquires and manipulates data and information in an ethical manner 5.5.1 applies collaborative work practices to complete tasks 5.5.2 communicates ideas, processes and solutions to a targeted audience 5.5.3 describes and compares key roles and responsibilities of people in the field of information and software technology.

Projects and the Development Process.

Projects are often at the core of the ICT industry, with a requirement of the IT person to provide a solution to a problem. This process is generally carried out by a team, with each member contributing specific skills.

Skills involve the ability to work collaboratively, communicate and have creative and technical skills.

The ability to use project tools such as Gantt charts, storyboarding and prototypes is important. Financial factors need to be considered throughout the process as do Social and Ethical issues around how the solution may impact upon people.

These skills are essential in the production of a project and there is a series of steps that are required to be carried out, these steps are called the Development Process.

The steps in the Traditional Development process are:

• understanding the problem-define & analyse
• planning
• designing
• producing
• testing, evaluating and maintaining

Obviously if you do not understand the problem, then a solution will be difficult to discover. One of the most important components of understanding a problem is to include all stakeholders that maybe involved. Ask questions of those who use the current product. Speak with the end users of the product.

Your quest is to discover what the problem may be and these people may hold the key. Otherwise, the project may end up like this project did.

The Project may be worked upon by a team who works within the organisation or may be partially outsourced to specialist. This really depends upon the abilities of the project team within the organisation, the technical and financial resources available.

The technical component can be divided into skills and actual hardware and software that is at hand.

weekly homework task 1  (Due end of Week 2)
Q 1. Write in your own words the meaning of the word “Project Development”.
Q 2. What are the steps found in the Traditional Development process?
Q 3.Suggest why the different people involved in the “Typical MMO” images had such different ideas.
Complete and post these three responses in your site on the homework page.


Defining & Analysing the problem.

As previously stated to solve a problem, a clear understanding of the problem must exist. The project team must create a Problem Statement so that they are defining what they expect to find a solution for at the end of the project. The team will be required to collect data from the organisation so that the problem can be identified, the data from this collection needs to be analysed to discover issues that may be addressed.

The Project team needs to discover the problem by examining the existing product or service to discover if a problem does actually exist. This can be carried out through survey of stakeholders in the organisation, by examining the documentation that exists.

The team needs to develop two essential items, a Problem Statement and second a Design Brief.

There are also factors that must be considered when the development of a solution to a problem is being worked through. These factor include:

  1. Operational, (Include in your summary the definition here)
  2. Technical, (Include in your summary the definition here)
  3. Financial, (Include in your summary the definition here)
  4. Social and ethical. (Include in your summary the definition here)

These four factors may be ingrained cultural factors or may exist owing to the client’s particular situation, for example the funds available for the solution or specific hardware or software that may be required.

Some organisations may not have Operational  resources such as staff or time. Some Social and ethical constraints may exist to change the product as the client actually requires, and compromises need to be made.

It is important that documentation of the project is carried out. This serves to assist in the clarification of the needs. As we have seen, this documentation would consist of the Problem statement and the Design Brief. It will also usually include two other essential documentation as we will see in the next paragraph.

More than one solution usually would be developed for any problem. Two help choose between one or more possible solutions, it important to have a Feasibility study and a Cost-benefit analysis completed. These help to form the Documentation for the Project.

The Feasibility study actually looks at if the solution is possible. Does the technology exist? Does the organisation have the resources in hardware and software or the staff with the technical ability to create the solution to the problem.

The second additional document is the Cost-benefit analysis. Will the expense, time and effort to produce the solution be of real benefit to the organisation?

weekly homework task 2  (Due end of Week 4)
Q 1. Write in your own words the meaning of the word “a Problem Statement”. See definition here
Q 2. Write in your own words the meaning of the word “a Design Brief”. See definition here
Q 3.Name four factors that may affect solutions to a problem. Suggest which may be the most important factor and why?
Complete and post these three responses in your site on the homework page.

portfolio task 1
Solve a problem
A vet has limited space at the hospital. He needs to keep large dogs in the same space as the smaller dogs. The larger dog always eats the smaller dog’s food. Design a system to ensure the smaller dog is able to eat the food meant for it to have. Make a copy and save a copy to your drive of this document to complete the task
Documentation required for this project :
o A Problem statement.
o A design Brief.
o A detailed sketch of the product
o A sentence about each of the four factors.
o A feasibility report as to if the product will be produced.
o Another student’s evaluation of this product.


Designing possible solutions.

It is important to Journal or log the planning stage. This will serve as a record of decisions and reasons choices were made. Communication of this document is important and the journal may be in a range of forms such as a shared online document or a string of emails, or a combination of both. I written form is also fine such as a notebook.

This document will record the ideas that develop from the problem solving processes and the many various tools that may be used.

These tools will include Mind maps and brainstorming of ideas. Prototypes and Storyboards are effective and economical ways of developing a concept to a client. IPO diagrams may also be used to present a system in a clear fashion.

It is important that after the design process while the product is being built that the solution is tested continuously to ensure that the chosen design actually meets the requirements of the solution.

Tools that may be used in designing include, Storyboards, Gantt charts, Prototypes or models, concept maps and Visual items.

portfolio task 2
Design a possible Solution
Use the two design concept presentation methods to present one of the following ideas. Only do one design solution for one idea that you select.
Provide a Prototype Drawing and a Storyboard of how it functions to design a solution to ONE of the below:

  • A new mode of transportation.
  • A pet shop webpage with the Index page and two landing pages.
  • A watering system for a back yard.
  • A bird feeding device.
  • An LED display board for a Open Day event at your school.
  • A new tool used to make a cardboard box.

Present this solution on your PDE Googlesite. This can be a group activity.


Legal Issues.

Technology has stretched the boundaries of so many legal issues. With ownership of intellectual property being distributed world wide, the question arises, under which jurisdiction or law does it come under? Or when you purchase some item online, what rights as a consumer do you have? Is it the country that you live in or the one that you purchased the item from?

It may also be an issue of copyright. The ability to download and to reproduction is so easy, but does this download belong to you? Are you breaking any laws by downloading for free something that others have created?
Read this page  here. Then write how the site recommends how you can protect yourself from Identity Theft.

Another legal aspect is the requirement that a worker has to be safe. This may be though of as being a physical issue, howver, technology may harm a person in other ways. People can become isolated due to their use of online technology. They may become addicted to online material such as gaming or gambling sites. Workers may also become burdened by the demands of a job, when they feel compelled to respond to emails late at night.

Two pieces of legislation have been created in particular in Australia to protect workers, Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) and Wellbeing, Health and Safety (WH&S). Theses provide laws and rules that must be followed by an employer and an employee.

Ethical Issues.

Ethics is about doing what is right. This differs from culture to culture, even differences may be found in a community, between diferring age groups and genders.

An action may be quite legal, but is not ethical as it impacts badly against a person or an environment.

Codes of Conduct and Practice are found to be part of most community. These Codes are statements of acceptable behaviour to live by.

Social Issues.

Social Issues arise often when change is introduced. In the context of our study, we see all kinds of challenges to people due to the way technology has developed. The way people respond to this change is important as is the way society responds to the needs of people who are impacted upon by these changes.

Starting with an umbrella term “Changing Nature of Work” which means the way work is done changes due a change in the way work is carried out. Technology has been very impactful upon the workplace.

Some people can not cope with change and need to be supported. Use of a computer system instead of pen and paper. Receiving communications via electronic devices raises challenges. An email may be received at 11 pm, six hours after work has finished. The worker is at home. Does the worker have to reply? When does work stop, when you have a terminal or device that may alert you to a work related issue alerts you.

Certainly technology has provided  greater speed and efficiency, but there are implications. Privacy and the way collected data may be used is a real threat. Data must be used only for the purpose that it was collected for and not shared to a third party or misused.

There should also be equity in life. This is really difficult due to economic or social status or geographical location. Ironically, technology will provide a level playing field, however, cost of supplying the technology sometimes does not allow for all to have access. Even cultural barriers may exist, such as gender expectations in some countries.

Sometimes there are physical and intellectual barriers that need to be compensated for with special devices. These include people with hearing or visual impairments.

Industrial Issues.

Technology has had a huge impact in the work place. Laws and Codes of Conduct and Practice exist to protect the rights of the employee and of the employer.

The impact may be once again based around the physical and social wellbeing of employees in the workplace. Two major areas are ergonomics which is the science of ensuring the physical work space is safe. The other is the mental wellbeing of employees. Staff should be free of all types of harassment such as being bullied or subject to inappropriate or unwanted material.

weekly homework task 3  (Due end of Week 6)
Q 1. Write the definition of each of the following: Copyright; Job displacement; Ethics; Digital divide; Code of Conduct; Equity.
Q 2. What is the term used for something created but can not be touched physically, but belongs to the creator?
Q 3. Define the terms “Ethics” and “Ergonomics”.
Complete and post these three responses in your site on the homework page.

portfolio task 3
Design a possible Solution
Use the three design concept presentation methods to present three of the following ideas. Only do one design for each of the ideas that you select.
Provide a IPO table; a Prototype and a Storyboard using a range of ideas below:
o A new mode of transportation.
o A pet shop webpage with the Index page and two landing pages.
o A watering system for a back yard.
o A bird feeding device.
o An LED display for a open school day event.
o A new tool used to make a cardboard box..

Evaluation Criteria.

You need to have a way of evaluating a product that has been created to meet a need. These criterion should be developed during the design process, and should be able to access clearly if the solution is practical; actually solves the need; is able to be used easily and effectively; that it is socially and ethically acceptable; and can be implemented.


Methods of Evaluation Criteria.

To be effective the evaluation of the solution must be both qualitative, or descriptive and it must be quantitative or measurable. This evaluation may be collected from individuals or group of people who are involved in the use of the solution.

Stack-holders, people who have an interest in solution, should be involved and contribute to feedback as to the effectiveness of the solution. This collection may be completed by online surveys or face to face interviews.

weekly homework task 4  (Due end of Week 8)
Q 1. ”.
Q 2.
Q 3.
Complete and post these three responses in your site on the homework page.

portfolio task 4
Design a possible Solution
Use the three design concept presentation methods to present three of the following ideas. Only do one design for each of the ideas that you select.
Provide a IPO table; a Prototype and a Storyboard using a range of ideas below:
o A new mode of transportation.
o A pet shop webpage with the Index page and two landing pages.
o A watering system for a back yard.
o A bird feeding device.
o An LED display for a open school day event.
o A new tool used to make a cardboard box..

Project management.

Management of a project is at the core of the success of a project. There are defined steps that must be followed and as the following diagram presents, it is important to evaluate at each step and if an issue arises, there may be a need to review the previous step.

There are arrange of tools that can be used to manage the stages, these tools are mostly around scheduling, communication, managing constraints such a technical and financial limitations.

Project management also ensures that each step occurs and has methods of checking and accountability for things to happen. The final implementation stage is included here which also includes the testing with Simulated data and with Live data.

Communication techniques and Collaboration.

As most projects are now completed by a team of people with a range of skills, communication is essential. The team must be able to be provided with clear protocols or rules to follow so that they are aware of the project needs, progress and scheduled milestone dates, times set for particular progress points to be met.

Communication ideally should be face to face, however, this may be via teleconference meetings of some type. Many meetings now are on Skype.

Other forms of communication include online calendars, journals or diaries, email strings and the like. Collaboration can occur as members of the team may share and work on a document online at the same time.

Communication is in general made up of Verbal, Written and Graphical formats.

This form of working together is called “collaboration”. A major advantage of this collaboration includes the sharing of skills, as different members would have different skills, With the ability to meet as a group, there is a great ability to share ideas and brainstorm and get and receive immediate feedback on a suggestion.

The project with a number of people would also be able to meet time schedules and be completed more quickly, than if a single person was attempting to implement a new product.

Assessment Task  (Due end of Week 8)
Q 1. ”.
Q 2.
Q 3.
Complete and post these three responses in your site on the homework page.