emerging technologies

     table of content
  1. How to use this page
  2. The impact of emerging technologies
  3. Environmental considerations
  4. Legal issues
  5. Ethical issues
  6. Social issues
  7. Industrial issues
  8. Roles and responsibilities
  9. Communication techniques
  10. Hardware functions
  11. Hardware components
  12. Project development
  13. copyright and acknowledgements
  14. Class site
  15. Home

Core Topic 2: Past, Current and Emerging Technologies

Outcome 5.4.1: A student analyses the effects of past, current and emerging information and software technologies on the individual and society.

Students learn about: Students learn to:

* the impact of past, current and emerging

information and software technologies on the

individual and society including different

cultural groups such as Aboriginal and

Indigenous * explore and discuss current information and software technologies relevant to the option * identify a variety of past, current and emerging information and software technologies * evaluate the appropriateness of current and emerging information and software technology for specific purposes

* environmental considerations such as:

* disposal of obsolete technologies

* recycling * assess the effects of past, current and emerging information and software technologies on the individual, society and the environment in the context of the chosen options

How to use this page

This page has all the subject content that you will need to complete the required study for IST. You will find a range of activities called “portfolio”, “essential tasks” and ” weekly homework”. You are required to complete all of these tasks as they all make up a component of your assessment schedule. You are also expected to present your completed work on a Googlesite sharing this site with your teacher.

There are due dates displayed with each task. The Portfolio tasks will achieve a mark full marks for a well completed task, half marks for a incomplete but mostly completed and a zero mark will be given for a non attempt.The Assessments details may be found here.

Your work will be completed within the Cloudshare environment, however, an important security issue exists and you are required to ONLY use your school credentials for all online use within Cloudshare or external for example Voki.

The series of YouTubes are important to view as these will present to you visual detail that you may not see in the text. The scheduled IST end of Semester Examinations will be created from the content found on this site.

essential task 1
a) Create your own website using Cloudshare sites by visiting here. use your first name and initial of your family name so that others in the course will have a standard format to find your website. Never place any personal details on your website.

b) Share as an owner your website with your IST class teacher first.name@syd.catholic.edu.au . This is a CEO policy for student websites.

c) Add to your website a avatar, embed a youtube video, with a Emerging Technologies theme. Add a sentence as to why you selected this video.

View this tube to view a tutorial on how to use googlesites.

View more Radford University tutorial tubes on how to use googlesites.

essential task 2

a) Create a pages titled “Emerging Technologies” then read this section of sushi “Emerging Technologies” and summarise using all the headings provided. The addition of an appropriate image would be good.

b) Create a page titled “Emerging Technologies Key terms” and using the terms shown in this section of sushi and provide a meaning to each of these terms. Use this computer terms site here to find the meanings. The addition of an appropriate image would be good.

c) A page or series of pages will be required to place all of your work. You are expected to clearly label each task so that the task can be located.

We are living in an amazing time period in which technology is outstripping our laws, and changing how we live. In this area of study we will use an exceptional site that has eighteen categories of Web 2.0 tools to investigate these many emerging technologies.


Extension task
Watch the tube above. How do you relate to these student comments? Write 5 lines.

Cooltoolsforschools categories
cooltools panel

The wiki cooltoolsforschools may be found here

Key Terms

code of conduct
code of practice
computer engineer
convergent technology
data entry operator
digital divide
equal employment opportunity (EEO)
web designer
emerging technology
home page
intellectual property
job displacement
multimedia specialist
virtual office
occupational health and safety (OH&S)
project manager
software engineer
software piracy
support staff
systems analyst
training specialist


The impact of past, current and emerging information and software technologies on the individual and society.

Technology has an impact on people with each and every development. Computer software and hardware developments has though impacted dramatically since the 1970’s, when business commenced with low memory computers that were using punch cards, magnetic tape reels and display was hardcopy. The 1980’s brought the development of faster computers with video monitors, hard disks with larger storage. LCD screens emerged that provided users with laptops.

The 1990s provided faster processors, larger storage, and many of the options that are now taken for granted today. The computer had very much developed into the personal computer with multimedia. The Internet provided many features to the user, particularly with regards to communications. Email and file transfer became easier and more mainstream. Business was able to develop infrastructures that allowed them to provide goods and services online.

Convergent technology is the current trend, this is when different technologies merge into one. An example of this is a smartphone. The smartphone has many functions that were previously performed by singular devices. A smartphone performs as a phone, web browser, email, and a range of social media and utility apps. Portability has emerged as a great advance with powerful notebook computers and wireless connectivity providing greater freedom to the user.

These changes have though both positive and negative effects upon us. Social, ethical and economic changes have developed that have changed our lives. In this unit we will examine some of these changes.

View this tube to see predictions in reverse.

portfolio task 1
Software Online
  • Visit the Sploder game maker site here to sign up using your cenet details only.
  • View the following Youtube to see how to use Sploder tutorial 1. This is part two for more detailed instructions Sploder 2.
  • Use Sploder to create an online product.
  • Make One of each game type, and add to the googlesite.


Writing Task 1
Writing in a full sentence requires that you follow the following five parts of a complete sentence:
  1. Capital letter- A capital letter is always used at the start of a sentence, and also for Proper nouns.
  2. Subject-The subject is who or what the sentence is about.
  3. Predicate-The predicate is the verb or action that is being done.
  4. Complete thought-This is important as this makes the sentence logical. A noun, predicate and capitals can be used, but there needs to be a conclusion or logic.
  5. Terminal Punctuation- The terminal punctuation may be a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark, and one of these need to be used.
Using the Five Parts of a Complete Sentence, write in five or six sentences the game making experience that you have had over the previous two weeks during  class. How was the experience using this application? What was hard ? What was easy? Did the program provide a satisfactory game? Was it worthwhile doing?


weekly homework task 1
Q 1. What changes occurred in the 1990’s that helped with the development of the Personal Computer?
Q 2. What is an example of “convergent technology”? What do you think convergent means?
Read the section above the Homework, then respond to the questions and post the responses on your Googlesite.

Environmental considerations

The world today has become more and more environmentally conscience with regards to the use of limited resources and particularly the effect upon the environment of waste material. This waste material may be from domestic use or from industry that creates waste during the manufacturing process.

Technology has contributed in many positive ways, however, there is a downside from the manufacturing and use of technology.

The manufacturing process of a personal computer results in the use of electricity, much of the raw materials used to create the PC is disposed of, and the process uses more than 10,000 tonnes of water. Toxic chemicals are also used during the manufacturing process and then disposed of with some toxic components remaining, which are a threat when disposal of the PC eventuates.

The PC has components that are toxic and recycling of the technology is very important. Most City Councils now provide centers where these unwanted PCs may be taken. Consumerables such as the paper, ink and toner cartridges need to be recycled.

Alternatives to the hardcopy may be considered as well. Use the “print preview” option prior to printing to ensure the hardcopy is as you require, before you print. Perhaps email or store the file as a “softcopy” instead of printing.

View this site to see environmental issues relating to E-Waste.

Extension task
Watch the video above. Outline the “pledge” spoken about by the Green Citizens organisation.

Legal and security issues

Items that are found on the Internet unless otherwise stated, are protected by Copyright and/or licensing which means you are not allowed to use, copy or distribute without the permission of the owner. This includes music, games, images and video.

These items have been created by someone and is known as Intellectual property, as they developed the item and should benefit commercially unless they decide to place it in the public domain as freeware.

Piracy, is worse again, as the unauthorised user is making copies of a software product, and distributing this product usually for payment. The fact that this activity is carried out for free does not make it any less a crime.

Security and protection of data is essential in today’s digital information society. Organisations require large amounts of data to be stored and protected from unauthorised access and accidental or deliberate loss.

Simply by adding a data validating procedure such as a user name and password, or by the adding of data encryption will assist in keeping data safe. Remote or multiple storage of the data is also a good process to carry out to protect the data. Protection against viruses is important.

Legislation such as Anti-discrimination, Equal Employment Opportunity, Occupational Health and Safety as people employed in the IT industry should be protected from discrimination on such grounds as age and gender. Working at a computer workstation requires special ergonomic conditions or injuries such as Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) could develop.

View this site to see issues relating to copyright and fair use.

Ethical issues

Ethics deals with the way we are expected to act in a society. This will be different in differing communities. The dress code for a woman in an Islamic state is far different to that of a Christian state.

The action may be completely legal, however, it may be considered unethical as this action may harm or limit the rights of a person.

Most organisations have a “Code of practice and conduct” statement. These though constrained by the legal laws of a community, provide the way an organisation expects the employer and employees to behave so that the community will be able to expect certain behaviours and standards.

Accuracy, validity and bias of data, is vital for data to be worthwhile. Data entry is the main time when errors in data are made. Data is collected so that an organisation may make informed decisions. One of the main forms of data collection is by surveys, face to face or form surveys that people complete. Bias may exist if questions are poorly designed and respondents are unable to respond accurately their beliefs.

Two very important issues when data is handled are privacy and security. A person, who provides information to another should be able to expect the data is used in a particular way. Most organisations provide a policy statement, that outlines how collected data will be used. An organisation may not unless it has said it may, sell the details of the clients in a database to another party.This would be described as inappropriate use of the data.

Another form of illegal access to data is called hacking. This is when a person users special skills or software to access data that they are not authorised to do access.

Extension task 1
Visit here to view this site Budd:e Secondary, which explores advanced e-security topics.

Social issues

The changing nature of work and enterprise such as employment, telecommuting, virtual office, video conferencing have created dramatic changes in the workplace.

Often people worked with the same organisation in the same role for their entire career. Information systems were paper based with the records maintained manually. As technology was introduced, specialist were employed. As technology became more embraced by organisations, these manual duties were replaced with information systems that were computer based.

These new information systems, though initially expensive, were very accurate, cheaper than wages and were able to work 24/7. This lead to workers being subjected to “job displacement” where technology took their job. Organisations went through a period from 1980 to the current time of downsizing, which also effected the employment prospect of workers.

The present working environment has developed with many changes, some beneficial some that have had dire effects upon workers. An expectation that an employee is “computer literate” has arisen.

Telecommuting is a term that means an employee or self employed person is able to work remotely from the organisation’s main office. This has been made possible mostly owing to the reduction of cost for the Personal Computer and fast Broadband.

There are benefits for the organisation such as reduced infrastructure costs such as office equipment and the ability for employees to work more flexible times.

Some disadvantages include isolation of the employee, who though no longer faces the stress of commuting, may become “house bound”. There is also the issue of managing work hours, with some employees becoming ‘workaholics’ and other unable to discipline themselves to work set hours.

Equity, access and control for all users with respect to gender, disability, and culture including Aboriginal and Indigenous are all issues in Australia. This can be attributed to many issues, however, a major issue is the sheer size of Australia, with remote areas limited due to the cost of technology.

Major population areas all have Broadband, however, due to the cost of expanding the infrastructure many areas may have no access or dial up access only. Many remote areas may be reliant upon electric generators for power to basic needs.

It would appear that for equity of opportunity for all Australian the Government needs to provide access.

Extension task 2
Visit here to view this site Budd:e Secondary, which explores 4 very important issues read these closely.
portfolio task 2
Software Online
  • Visit this site here to download GMStudio using your cenet details only.
  • View the following Youtube to see how to use GMStudio.
  • Use Game Maker Studio to create an online product



weekly homework task 2
Q 1. Are there any environmental issues with the development of the Personal Computer? What are they?
Q 2. List the legal and security issues that have arisen with the use of the personal Computer. Which is the most important and why?
Q 3. Which issue requires more attention, the environmental issues or the legal issues? Why?
Read the section above the Homework, then respond to the questions and post the responses on your Googlesite.

Industrial issues

There are rights and responsibilities of users of Information and Software Technologies at schools but the consequences are very different. Industrial issues are very different to those that you experience at school, where expectations are outlined and the school supports you in your response.

In the workplace the worker is paid to carry out a role. A tool that is now vital to mant roles now is the Internet. Current legislation allows the employer to monitor Internet use, sites visited and emails that have been sent and received. Misuse can mean disciplinary action as the employee, who spends time surfing the net, social networking or private emailing is negligent.

The employer has responsibilities to outline Internet use policy. This serves to protect the interest of the employer and of the employee, harassment cases have arisen owing to inappropriate use of the Internet by employees have occurred.

Ergonomic principles and industry standards are vital in the workplace to protect the employee from injury. this will include the correct furniture, seating, keyboards, environment which includes lighting.

Visit this Australian site and read the information about correct ergonomic layout here

weekly homework task 3
1. Visit this Australian site and read the information about correct ergonomic layout here. Then create an image of an ergonomically correct work space for a computer operator.
Read the section above the Homework, then respond to the questions and post the responses on your Googlesite.

Careers, roles and responsibilities

There are many opportunities for Web 2.0 users. Explore career opportunities and pathways for people within the field of information and software technology that may use Web 2.0 from one of the below listed.
• project manager
• data entry operators
• users
• multimedia specialists
• training specialists

Communication techniques and collaboration strategies

To share ideas it is necessary to communicated. this may be done in a number of ways but may be best categorised as verbal, written or graphical and visual. Ideally a combination of these will serve to outline an idea more completely.

• verbal includes debate, discussion, presentation and interview
• written includes summaries, logs, surveys, portfolios and reports.
• graphical and visual includes storyboards, charts, concept maps, prototypes and visual representations.

Collaboration strategies
Communication is essential for effective collaboration strategies to be effective. A project will often need to be developed by a group, this may be due to the size or time allowed to devlop the project. Collaboration is when a number of people work together on a task, bringing a range of individual skills to solve the task.

A group is beneficial in the development of a project, as it is possible to share ideas and obtain feedback and support for ideas. A collaborative effort in developing a project means that communication, personalities and management can be effected in a positive or negative manner.

It is important to have protocols set up at the commencement of a project. These protocols outline structures to be followed. These will include how conflict resolution, responsibilities and decision making occurs. So it is essential that group protocols, which state the expected behaviour are decided upon and that regular meetings are held.

The Project group members should be selected by their suitability to work as a group and their skills should compliment each other. Roles do need to be set up which provide a group facilitator, who ensures the group is moving in the right direction and in a timely manner. A timekeeper, who manages the progress of tasks. This can be managed by a gantt chart. The recorder is an essential role in that accurate documentation of meetings and decisions are maintained.

weekly homework task 4
Q 1. What is Collaboration?
Q 2. What are some collaborative strategies?
Q 3. Why are protocols important in regards to collaborative strategies in Project work?
Read the section above the Homework, then respond to the questions and post the responses on your Googlesite.

Functions that hardware performs

The Personal Computer (PC) have hardware devices attached that allow it to perform the many functions it may carry out.
These are the input, process, output, storage and control functions.

• Input devices allow data to be entered into the PC. This would include the keyboard, microphone or scanner.
• Processing devices allow the manipulation of data that has been input. The main example of this device would be the Cental Processing Unit (CPU).
• Output devices allows the user with the means to obtain the information that has been processed. This maybe through the LCD screen, speakers or printer.
• Storage devices store the data either in short term, permanent and portable devices. The Hard Disk is found in every PC. Portable storage
• Control devices coordinate the operation of devices in the PC.

Hardware components

A Computer comprises of many components that make up the system. In this section it is expected that you research the listed components and present your research in your Googlesite.

Components of a hardware system and their functions such as
• motherboard
• central processing unit (CPU)
• coprocessor chips
• memory: random access memory (RAM), read only memory (ROM)
• hard disk
• controller cards
• graphics adapter cards
• power supply
• expansion slots
• bus lines
• input/output ports
• display

View this site to see an introduction to your Personal Computer.

Extension task 3
Watch the video above. Referring to the twelve hardware components shown, create a page in your googlesite called “hardware components” add an image of each component and a brief description of each. Use this computer terms site here to find the description.


weekly homework task 5
Q 1. These are the input, process, output, storage and control functions. Explain in a sentence each of these.
Q 2. Which of these are the most important to consider in a Computer system.
Read the section above the Homework, then respond to the questions and post the responses on your Googlesite.

Project development

The planning, production and overall development of a project has six steps.

  • understanding the problem
  • making decisions
  • designing solutions
  • implementing the solution by testing the product
  • implementing the solution by maintaining the product
  • implementing the solution by evaluating the product

If you do not know what is required to be completed to solve a problem, then the resultant solution is very unlikely to be correct. It is therefore, important that the task be understood. this may be done by asking questions of the potential participants of a solution.

Once that you decide upon the problem, then you need to decide on a solution. Probably thinking about one design only is not the best, create a few designs so that you can decide upon the best.

Once that you have decided upon a solution you may then commence to create a solution or product that will solve the problem. Make what is known as a prototype first. a prototype is a model or limited functioning product, to see if the solution is appropriate. a storyboard is also a sound design tool to develop a product, especially a video or audio product.

Once you have decided upon the solution, then make it. evaluation of the product is a continual process and should be completed through out the design and implementation process. maintenance will also be required to be carried out as the product is used.

Mini Project-Use Scratch

Watch additional tutorials here

portfolio task 3
Software Online
  • Visit this site here to sign up to Scratch use your cenet details only.
  • View the following Youtube to see how to use Scratch YouTube.
  • Use Scratch to create an online product that makes the cat sprite move in a star path.
Extension task 4
Watch these video Visit this is a basic game, Visit this is a shooting game,Visit this is a racing game and re create one of these using Scratch. .



Made available under Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution Licence: here

The personal or classroom educational use, provided there is a link to TeacherTube here. TeacherTube terms and conditions state that videos may be downloaded for

The YouTube terms and conditions state that videos may be embedded in the media, provided there is a link to YouTube and that the appropriate non commercial use is made here

Reference to the text and included cd-rom, IST, information, software and technology 7-10 , author Peter Ware et al. isbn 0-7314-0168-9 is made as students are expected to purchase both items.

Reference to the NSW Board of Studies Syllabus documentations are made, with documentations available from here